Blog

21 Apr 2017David Richards, Network World

Why banking should stay well clear of blockchains

As much as financial services institutions need to innovate, backing the wrong digital platform could be their undoing.

If the financial services industry is banking on blockchains as the basis for new service innovation, it will be sorely disappointed. Blockchains’ design principles are completely at odds with those of the industry, and are fraught with flaws that could be catastrophic for financial institutions.

I’ll come on to why in a moment. Clearly, there is a lot of hype and momentum around blockchains. WANdisco sees this first hand: we’re increasingly being approached by banks who think this is the kind of thing we do (it isn’t). And why are they interested? Because senior directors and investors have heard the buzz and concluded that this is something they need – that if they don’t seize the opportunity, they’ll miss out. They’re wrong. Banks need blockchain like a hole in the head.

But why do they think they want it? The original blockchain was developed as the mechanism underpinning bitcoin – enabling transactions in a peer-to-peer network to be validated without the need to pass through central settlement systems. Seeing wider potential for this, those promoting blockchains are now positioning the platforms more broadly as distributed public ledgers of transaction. So banks are starting to look at them for managing real-time transactions.

A lack of trust is no basis for commerce

On paper, blockchains seem to have vast potential. But, in common with many other fintech fads[1], its current popularity owes more to speculation than genuine potential, and the chances of it realizing that apparent promise are slim. 

That’s because the fundamental issues with blockchains aren’t going to go away. First, the whole proposition is built on distrust and on anonymity, shrouded in paranoia. And since they’re also highly hackable[2], disaster is frequently just round the corner. Last year The DAO, a venture capital fund using a decentralized blockchain lost more than $60 million worth of Ether digital currency – around a third of its value, when its code was breached[3]. But such is the protection awarded to the parties involved in blockchain-based transactions, it’s impossible to trace the culprits and recover the lost amounts. It’s quite ludicrous.

There is a social engineering argument around blockchains that does not stack up either: that if someone has enough computer power to hack blockchain, they could make more by minting bitcoin than by wreaking havoc on users. This is based on a misguided assumption that criminals’ aim isn’t to bring down financial systems and cause chaos. Where there’s a will, there’s a way.

The regulated financial industry is founded on trust, not distrust, which relies on parties being known to each other. Unless some kind of shady dealing is going on, it makes no sense to push transactions underground. It’s certainly no way to manage risk.

A further major sticking point for a financial institution is throughput. Blockchain reconciliations typically happen in periodic batches, which is not good enough for real time banking. To keep up with the speed of digital business, true values need to be reflected at all times. 

So again we have to come back to what banks are trying to do that makes them think they need blockchain. What is the use case in banking-as-usual? What is it solving? 

Real-time reconciliation

Dig a little deeper, and what most institutions are really looking for is a robust, trust-based co-ordinated agreement mechanism for managing very high volumes of real-time transactions digitally across networks. Strategic goals might include making payments more immediate, easier to automate and cheaper to manage. Or facilitating new innovation as the Internet of Things takes off, paving the way for all manner of new distributed transactions along a value chain.

All of which relies on reliability, speed and trust/transparency.

That’s where we come in. WANdisco’s proposition might look like blockchain, because it can achieve all of the things banks are looking for here. But crucially our design principles are the opposite of blockchains’ 

Our technology starts from a position of trust and transparency, for instance – so those seeking to wreak havoc have nowhere to hide. This is fundamental to regulated financial services, and to enterprise. Our technology is also dependably tamperproof and resilient, unlike blockchains’. End points are never out of sync (agreed transactions are reflected everywhere blindingly quickly), and we can handle the enormous volumes of transactions banks process every minute of every day. 

It’s been ridiculously hard getting this message across, and that’s because what we’re offering is something that’s unmatched anywhere else. It is the culmination of years spent by our co-founder, Dr. Yeturu Aahlad, developing complex algorithms determining the way data replication happens in real time across distance.

Beware the emperor’s new clothes

Blockchains won’t mature to the point we’ve reached, because they weren’t designed to. If I’m a goods or service provider that needs to fulfil a purchase, I need to be sure of cash settlement before activating delivery, and that’s something blockchains will never be able to offer. You can’t see who you’re dealing with, and ledger reconciliations are unpredictable, depending on batch processes and computing queues. The technology was never meant to be used in this way.

So our message to banks is, forget blockchains. Unless the fundamental flaws are addressed, they are wrong for just about anything you might want to do. It’s a bubble you don’t want to invest in. Whatever your intentions, there’s a much more appropriate way to deliver them - and we’d be more than happy to show you.


[1] Deloitte just trashed the hype around a $180 billion fintech market, Business Insider, May 2016

[2] Cryptocurrency hacks: The Biggest Heists In Blockchain History, DeepDotWeb.com, October 2016

[3] Blockchain-based Venture Capital Fund Hacked for $60 Million, Fortune (Tech), June 2016

[1] Deloitte just trashed the hype around a $180 billion fintech market, Business Insider, May 2016

[2] Cryptocurrency hacks: The Biggest Heists In Blockchain History, DeepDotWeb.com, October 2016

[3] Blockchain-based Venture Capital Fund Hacked for $60 Million, Fortune (Tech), June 2016